Turkey and Iraq: Navigating Security Concerns, Water Crisis, and Economic Cooperation

BNN Correspondents
New Update

An Overview of Turkey-Iraq Relations


Recent developments between Turkey and Iraq have drawn considerable attention, particularly with the visit of Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu to Baghdad. This marked a significant milestone in the ongoing dialogue between the two nations as they strive to address a range of issues, from regional security concerns to economic cooperation to a looming water crisis. During his visit, Çavuşoğlu met with several high-ranking officials, including his Iraqi counterpart Fuad Hussein and Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi, signaling a renewed commitment to enhancing bilateral ties.

Addressing Regional Security Concerns

The ongoing activities of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) in Iraq surfaced as a major topic during the talks. Recognized as a terrorist group by both Turkey and Iraq, the PKK's presence in the region has fueled tension. Çavuşoğlu reiterated Turkey's commitment to joining forces with Iraq in combating the PKK, emphasizing respect for Iraq's territorial integrity. The significance of this commitment cannot be overstated, given the potential impact on regional stability.


Resolving the Water Crisis

Another focal point of the discussions was the water crisis in Iraq, a key issue that has caused tensions in the past given Turkey's control over the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. These water bodies are crucial for Iraq's water supply, and any disputes over their control could have far-reaching consequences. The Turkish Foreign Minister assured that Turkey is ready to cooperate with Iraq to resolve the crisis, demonstrating a willingness to ensure a fair distribution of water resources. This commitment is particularly noteworthy, considering the broader implications of water security for the region.

Fostering Economic Ties


The Turkish Foreign Minister's visit to Iraq also aimed to bolster economic ties between the two countries. During the meetings, Çavuşoğlu outlined the potential for increased trade and investment, positioning Turkey as a gateway for Iraq to Europe. These discussions signal a shared aspiration to enhance economic cooperation, offering substantial opportunities for growth and development in both nations.

Commitment Towards Improved Bilateral Relations and Regional Stability

The visit concluded with a joint press conference during which both Çavuşoğlu and Hussein expressed their commitment to improving bilateral relations. They highlighted the importance of collaboration on matters of mutual concern and emphasized the crucial role of maintaining regional stability and security. Their shared dedication to these goals underscores the potential for enhanced cooperation and partnership between the two nations.


In summary, the ongoing dialogue between Turkey and Iraq is centered on addressing regional security concerns, especially the activities of the PKK. The two countries are also committed to resolving the water crisis in Iraq and fostering economic ties. With Turkey positioned as a gateway for Iraq to Europe, there are substantial opportunities for growth and development. Furthermore, the mutual commitment to improving bilateral relations and maintaining regional stability offers a promising framework for future cooperation.