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Sudan's Political Landscape: A Tug of War Between Peace and Conflict

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Shivani Chauhan
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Sudan's Political Landscape: A Tug of War Between Peace and Conflict

The profound discord among Sudan's transitional Sovereignty Council and the military leadership, reflected in their contradictory statements concerning war continuation or peace pursuit, underscores the complexity of the country's political landscape. Among the council and the military, there seems to be a sharp divide - some associated with the previous regime display a fierce desire to fuel the ongoing conflict for political gains. In contrast, others recognize the detrimental impact on the military and are seeking a face-saving exit strategy.

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Proposing a Roadmap to Peace

Malik Agar, the Deputy Chairman of the Sovereignty Council, recently proposed a roadmap aiming to end the war and establish a state based on rule of law, drafting a constitution, and preparing for upcoming elections. His call for a new chapter to form a national army that embraces diversity has elicited mixed reactions in Sudan. Agar's proposal came in the wake of remarks by Army Commander Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, suggesting an impending defeat of the Rapid Support Forces and emphasizing the rejection of externally imposed solutions.

(Read Also: Sheikh Al-Amin’s Sanctuary: A Beacon of Hope Amid Sudan’s Escalating Conflict)

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Confusion and Skepticism Among Decision-Makers

These contradictory statements imply a faction within the military and Sovereignty Council aiming to curb the influence of the dissolved National Congress Party's supporters. However, this faction's presence has resulted in apparent confusion among decision-makers, with no one committing to a definitive stance on the ongoing war. Al-Mu'iz Hadra, a member of the Central Council of the Forces of Freedom and Change, expressed skepticism about Agar's reliability, citing his involvement in the October 25, 2021, coup led by the Army Commander and remnants of the National Congress Party.

(Read Also: Sudan’s Internal Crisis: The Illusion of External Intervention)

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Inconsistent Positions on the War

Malik Agar, leading one wing of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North and supporting the military against the Rapid Support Forces, has shown inconsistent positions on the war. This inconsistency is also evident among other leaders like Minni Minnawi and Jibril Ibrahim. Despite this inconsistency, there is a consensus among various Sudanese national forces on the need for a professional army, distanced from politics, from the grassroots to the highest levels. Agar's proposed government vision for ending the war includes a phased integration of the Rapid Support Forces into the army, however, he did not detail the timeframe or specifics.

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