In a pivotal move to address the escalating conflict in Sudan, foreign ministers from Sudan's neighbouring nations convened in Chad under the aegis of Chadian President Mahamat Idris Deby. Their discussions culminated in a three-pronged action plan aimed at achieving a permanent ceasefire, thereby addressing the key concerns surrounding Sudan's security, political stability, and humanitarian situation.
Egypt's Role in Mediation
The Egyptian Foreign Minister, Sameh Shoukry, emphasized the importance of the role neighbouring countries must play, given that the Sudanese citizenry is not a part of the underlying causes of this strife. Reminding those present of Egypt’s proactive approach, he referenced the meetings hosted in Cairo with the Forces for Freedom and Change. “Our aim is not to impose, but to provide feasible solutions that align with the aspirations of the people of Sudan. It's imperative that we unite our voices to call for an immediate end to hostilities,” Shoukry articulated.
Moreover, Shoukry pinpointed the pressing need for more significant efforts from all neighbouring countries, emphasizing the dire humanitarian situation in Sudan. He highlighted the existing ambiguity around the political trajectory of Sudan, urging nations to come together to ensure stability.
Roadmap for Resolution
Deng Dau Malek, the acting Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation minister of South Sudan, lauded the outcomes of the Chad summit. “This gathering was more than just a review. We assessed the broader regional impact of the Sudanese conflict,” he said.
Elaborating on the consensus achieved, Malek revealed the tripartite strategy: “The first phase will involve direct talks with the main conflict parties. The second will focus on halting hostilities, and the third will support internal community dialogues, particularly addressing the communal violence arising from this conflict.” He affirmed that the ministers were unified in their mission to implement the plan of action.
It's noteworthy that this summit followed an earlier congregation in Cairo on July 13, comprising leaders from numerous African nations, which established a communication mechanism steered by foreign ministers. The ongoing conflict in Sudan, particularly between the Sudanese army and the Rapid Support Forces, has had devastating consequences, leading to displacements, casualties, and a burgeoning humanitarian crisis, especially in the Darfur region.