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Hamas: A Deep Dive into the Palestinian Organization's History, Ideology and Recent Conflict with Israel

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Nimrah Khatoon
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The Genesis of Hamas

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Founded in 1987 during the first Intifada – a Palestinian uprising against Israeli occupation – Hamas emerged as a potent force. The organization was born as an offshoot of the Muslim Brotherhood, a religious and political group founded in Egypt in 1928. The primary goal of Hamas, as laid down in their charter, is to liberate Palestine and establish an Islamic state in the area that is now Israel, the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip.

Decades of Conflict

Over the decades, Hamas has been involved in a protracted conflict with Israel, manifesting in several confrontations. The organization has a military wing known as the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, which has carried out numerous attacks against Israeli targets. These attacks range from suicide bombings to rocket fire, adding to the volatility of the Israel-Palestine region. The recent attack on Israel involved the firing of rockets from Gaza, an area governed by Hamas, and resulted in casualties and significant damage.

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A Global Perspective on Hamas

Hamas is viewed through different lenses worldwide. While many countries, including the United States, the European Union, and Israel, label it a terrorist group, others see it as a legitimate resistance movement. Its social welfare programs, such as schools, hospitals, and religious institutions, have garnered significant support among Palestinians. However, its military tactics, particularly suicide bombings and rocket attacks, have drawn widespread criticism and led to its categorization as a terrorist organization by many.

The Path Forward: Uncertain and Fraught

The future ramifications of the ongoing conflict between Hamas and Israel remain uncertain. The recent escalation has once again brought the Israel-Palestine conflict to the forefront of global diplomacy. Stakeholders worldwide are watching the developments closely, with a keen interest in how they'll impact the broader Middle East peace process. As a United Nations peacekeeping mission in south Lebanon stated, 'UNIFIL is in contact with authorities on both sides of the Blue Line to contain the situation and prevent further escalation.'

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