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Indonesia's Struggle Against Dengue: Can Wolbachia and AI Turn the Tide?

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BNN Correspondents
New Update
Indonesia's Struggle Against Dengue: Can Wolbachia and AI Turn the Tide?

Unbridled spread of mosquito-borne diseases, specifically dengue fever, has catapulted into a significant public health crisis in Indonesia. Despite concerted efforts extending over five decades and investments potentially ranging in hundreds of billions to trillions of rupiah, the country has failed to bring the incidence of dengue fever to the minimum global morbidity frequency. This concern was voiced by Health Minister Budi Gunadi Sadikin during a recent meeting with Commission IX of the DPR RI, where the Wolbachia program was under discussion.

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Challenges in Controlling Dengue Cases

The initiatives to control the relentless surge of this deadly viral infection have run into formidable barriers such as climate change and rampant overuse of insecticides. The interventions have spanned across environmental initiatives, focusing on habitat reduction for larvae, vector interventions involving chemical spraying for larva and adult mosquitoes, and human interventions that hinge on behavior modification and dengue vaccination.

The Wolbachia Intervention

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Bandung, a major city in Indonesia, has taken a novel approach to tackle the dengue menace. It has become the pioneer in deploying Wolbachia mosquitoes in the fight against dengue. Wolbachia, a type of bacteria, has the ability to paralyze the dengue virus in mosquitoes, effectively halting its transmission to humans. The Minister of Health highlighted the worrying trend of increasing dengue hemorrhagic fever cases in Indonesia, attributing it to the natural phenomenon of El Nino. The introduction of Wolbachia bacteria to control mosquito vectors is now being seen as a promising strategy to curtail the dengue outbreak.

AI Integration in Detecting Dengue

In a separate development, Professor Hanung Adi Nugroho of UGM discussed the potential of harnessing artificial intelligence in medical imaging for improved healthcare. This includes the early detection of ailments such as dengue fever, which could revolutionize the medical landscape and provide an effective tool in the battle against such diseases.

In an unrelated note, the U-17 World Cup is set to take place in Indonesia from November 10 to December 2, 2023, with tickets available on the official website.

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