In a significant move towards lasting peace in the Horn of Africa, former President of Kenya, Uhuru Kenyatta, attended the African Union (AU) Joint Committee Meeting of the Monitoring, Verification and Compliance Mechanism (MVCM) on December 1, 2023. The meeting, held virtually from Nairobi, focused on the progress of the Ethiopia-Tigray peace agreement, also known as the Pretoria Agreement or the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement (CoHA).
The Peace Agreement: A Year On
Signed in November 2022 between the Ethiopian government and the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF), the agreement has since brought about significant normalcy in the region. Kenyatta, serving as an AU High-Level Panel Member, lauded the parties for maintaining peace, thereby contributing to stability in the region.
Notable Attendees and Continued Efforts
The meeting saw the participation of renowned figures such as former Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo and former South African Deputy President Dr. Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka. Also in attendance were Amb. Bankole Adeoye, Dr. Alhaji Sarjoh Bah, and Chief Administrator of Tigray, Getachew Reda. They emphasized the ongoing need for work on the Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration (DDR) process to ensure full implementation and effectiveness of the peace agreement.
Role of the African Union
The event underscores the AU's relentless efforts to foster peace and stability in the Horn of Africa. The AU's role extends beyond meetings and involves monitoring, verifying, and ensuring compliance with the agreement, thereby serving as a crucial pillar in the peace-building process in the region.