CERN's Bold Leap into the Future: The Proposed Future Circular Collider

CERN proposes the Future Circular Collider, a particle accelerator larger than the LHC, aimed at discovering new particles and deepening our understanding of the Universe.

Ayesha Mumtaz
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In a bold stride towards unearthing the enigma of the cosmos, researchers at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) have put forth a proposal for the Future Circular Collider (FCC), a particle accelerator that outshines its predecessor, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Designed to be three times larger, with a breathtaking 91-kilometer circumference, the FCC is envisioned to delve deeper into the Universe's mysteries, including the elusive dark matter and dark energy that the LHC has yet to fully decipher.


Progressing Beyond the LHC

The LHC, despite its groundbreaking revelation of the Higgs Boson in 2012, a particle that imparts mass to other particles as foreseen by physicist Peter Higgs in 1964, has been unable to unravel the complete narrative of the Universe. The FCC, with its enhanced power and scale, seeks to pick up where the LHC left off, launching a two-pronged operation starting from the mid-2040s.

Understanding the FCC Design


Unlike its predecessor, the FCC will lie deeper underground, a strategic location that accords with its advanced design. The project's second phase, commencing in the 2070s, plans to use more powerful magnets and collide protons instead of electrons, a shift that could potentially unlock a wealth of new particles.

The Economic Implications

While the FCC's scientific potential is indisputable, its hefty price tag of 17 billion euros has sparked debate. Critics argue for cheaper alternatives—like a linear collider—or suggest that these funds could be better allocated to tackling pressing global issues such as climate change. The onus now rests on CERN's member nations to weigh the economic implications against the potential scientific breakthroughs as they mull over financing the project.