The Palestinian President, Mahmoud Abbas, has reiterated his stance on the post-war situation in Gaza, emphasizing the necessity of a two-state solution and advocating for Palestine's full membership in the United Nations through a Security Council resolution. He has called upon the Palestinian Authority to assume full responsibility over all Palestinian land, including East Jerusalem and Gaza.
United States' Involvement
Phil Gordon, the National Security Advisor to the U.S. Vice President, visited Ramallah from Israel to discuss issues revolving around the weakening of the Palestinian Authority in the West Bank and the establishment of a single Palestinian entity accountable for both the West Bank and Gaza after the current war. Abbas highlighted the presence of the Palestinian Authority in Gaza and its responsibilities there, expressing opposition to Israeli plans in Gaza. He urged Washington to pressurize Israel to stop aggression in both the West Bank and Gaza, cease settler attacks, release Palestinian tax revenues, and increase the entry of humanitarian and medical supplies.
Disagreements on Post-War Scenarios
The statements from Abbas confirm significant disagreements on the post-war day scenario, with the U.S. seeking a renewed Palestinian Authority, the Authority desiring comprehensive control within a political solution, and Israel not wanting any Palestinian Authority. Despite these significant differences, the U.S. is attempting to reach a shared vision, with Gordon focusing on discussions about post-war day scenarios and governance of Gaza after the hypothetical overthrow of Hamas.
Concerns about Gaza's Future
The U.S. is concerned about avoiding a governance and security vacuum in Gaza post-war and preventing the resurgence of Hamas. Israeli officials, who had focused solely on the war, are now prepared to discuss Gaza's future. However, differences persist between the U.S. and Israeli views on the role of the Palestinian Authority post-war, with Netanyahu opposing the idea of a future role for the Palestinian Authority and insisting on Israeli military oversight of Gaza's disarmament rather than international forces. The U.S. believes in strengthening the Palestinian Authority to govern Gaza, noting that the steps Israel has taken since the war, such as withholding a significant portion of tax revenues, have weakened the Authority's effectiveness.