Amid Mali's sociopolitical changes and the reestablishment of governmental control over the former rebel stronghold, Kidal, Mamadou Namory Traoré, a seasoned political figure and current president of the Grin reflection group's scientific committee, has voiced his perspective. Addressing the nation's recent developments, Traoré underlined the necessity for swift progression out of the transitional phase through the establishment of democratic institutions.
Envisioning Mali's Fourth Republic
According to Traoré, the successful transition into the fourth Republic of Mali hinges on the implementation of a new Constitution and the organization of elections. These elections are targeted at installing key democratic institutions including a president, a national assembly, a senate, and most notably, a Court of Accounts - a mandatory requirement of the West African Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA). While the transitional authorities have garnered a consensus, Traoré asserts the necessity for elections as a cornerstone for the establishment of representative institutions for the Malian populace.
Securing Peace Post-Military Victory
In the wake of the Malian state's successful reoccupation of Kidal, Traoré spoke of the symbolic victory. He stressed that while the state has triumphed militarily, winning the peace necessitates evidence that the state serves the entire nation. This includes ensuring the provision of basic social services and economic development opportunities for all citizens, regardless of ethnicity. The former minister underscored the importance of social inclusion and the state's imperative to win over the people of Kidal to guarantee enduring peace.
Resuscitating the Algiers Peace Accord
Traoré also touched upon the peace process and the implementation of the Algiers peace accord. Despite the accord's inherent suspicions and ambiguities, he believes that if armed groups disarm and place their trust in the state, negotiations can restart within a republican institutional framework. He emphasized the non-negotiable elements of territorial integrity, national unity, and democratic rule, particularly elucidating the need for democratic processes in the forthcoming elections.