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Biden Administration Grapples with Complex Gaza Governance Issue

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Waqas Arain
New Update
Biden Administration Grapples with Complex Gaza Governance Issue

Following the cessation of hostilities, the Biden administration is wrestling with the complex issue of future governance in Gaza. The region's numerous challenges include determining who will administer the territory and oversee its reconstruction. A revitalized Palestinian Authority (PA) is the U.S.'s preferred choice for Gaza's administrator, despite opposition from both the Israeli government and Palestinians.

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Deep Entrenchment of Hamas

During U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken's visit to Israel and the West Bank, he recognized the challenge posed by the deep entrenchment of Hamas in Gazan society. Having been the de facto ruler of Gaza since 2007, Hamas is involved in various aspects of society, from government ministries to charities and security forces. The recent conflict and Israeli retaliation have aggravated the humanitarian situation and fueled Palestinian anger, thereby complicating peace negotiations.

Role of International Forces

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The Biden administration has expressed its opposition to any Israeli measures that would limit Gazans' autonomy or land use. It has suggested that international forces might play a role in ensuring security during the transition. However, the future remains uncertain. Israeli authorities have not offered concrete proposals, and Arab nations are reluctant to commit security forces due to concerns over the potential conflict with Palestinians.

Empowering the PA and Pursuing a Two-State Solution

The Biden administration's focus remains on empowering the PA and pursuing a two-state solution as a means of involving Arab nations in the transition and garnering support for Palestinians. Vice President Harris has emphasized the need for a clear political horizon for the Palestinian people and stressed the importance of a unified Gaza and West Bank under the PA. She also called for a pause in the Israel-Hamas fighting to ensure a steady flow of humanitarian assistance and to extract more hostages from Gaza.

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