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Ethiopian Prime Minister Highlights Red Sea's Significance for Country's Survival

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Ebenezer Mensah
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In a recent public statement, Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed underscored the critical importance of the Red Sea for the survival of Ethiopia. The statement surfaced as part of a promotional video for an upcoming documentary, the full context of which remains undisclosed.

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Also Read:UN Rights Body to Investigate Human Rights Abuses in Sudan)

The Red Sea: A Lifeline for Ethiopia

With no direct access to the sea itself, Ethiopia, a landlocked country in the Horn of Africa, relies heavily on the Red Sea for international trade. The sea represents the country's primary avenue for imports and exports, with the vast majority of its trade passing through the neighboring Djibouti's port, which sits on the Red Sea. The sea is the gateway to the global market for Ethiopia, making it a lifeline for the country's economy.

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Regional Politics and Maritime Security

Regional politics and maritime security in the Red Sea region have a direct impact on Ethiopia's economic well-being. The Red Sea is bordered by several nations, including Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, and Sudan. Stability in these countries, especially in terms of their respective relationships with Ethiopia, can significantly influence Ethiopia's access to the Red Sea. Therefore, it's in Ethiopia's best interest to foster positive diplomatic relationships with these nations to ensure its economic security.

Historical Context

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Historically, Ethiopia had direct access to the sea. However, the independence of Eritrea in 1993 made Ethiopia a landlocked country. Ever since, Ethiopia has been dependent on its neighbors, especially Djibouti, for access to maritime trade. Over the years, Ethiopia has sought to diversify its access to sea ports. It has pursued infrastructural projects aiming at improving road and rail connections with the ports of neighboring countries, such as Sudan and Kenya.

(Also Read: Sudan in Transition: The October Crossing and the Rise of a New Republic)

Looking Forward

Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed's remarks underscore the significance of the Red Sea for Ethiopia's survival and its future prospects. As Ethiopia continues to strive for economic growth and stability, its relationship with the Red Sea and the neighboring countries will remain pivotal. Only the future can tell how Ethiopia will navigate these geopolitical waters to ensure its survival and prosperity.

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