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Unraveling the Challenges and Breakthroughs in Type 1 Diabetes Management

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BNN Correspondents
New Update
Unraveling the Challenges and Breakthroughs in Type 1 Diabetes Management

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that significantly impacts insulin production by the pancreas. This condition arises when the immune system mistakenly destroys insulin-producing cells, causing the body to produce insufficient insulin or none at all. Insulin is a crucial hormone that aids in the transportation of glucose from the blood into cells for energy conversion. In Indonesia, there are 41,800 cases of type 1 diabetes, which are divided into three age categories: under 20 years, 20-59 years, and 60 years and above. At present, there is no cure for type 1 diabetes due to its autoimmune nature. Therefore, existing treatments, such as insulin injections, aim to manage blood sugar levels and prevent or delay potential complications. Individuals with type 1 diabetes must undergo lifelong treatment, regularly monitoring their blood sugar levels to ensure they remain within a safe range.

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Revolutionary Approaches in Diabetes Treatment

Resonance medicine might offer a promising future for the effective treatment of diabetes mellitus and other autoimmune diseases. This therapy aims to revive deceased pancreatic beta cells in type 1 diabetes and rejuvenate the lymphoid system in autoimmune diseases. As a result of this treatment, these chronic conditions may become curable, veering away from conventional wisdom that categorizes them as lifelong afflictions.

Research on Glucose-Responsive Insulin

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Recent research has shed light on the development of a subcutaneously injected glucose-responsive insulin formulation. This innovative approach has demonstrated week-long normoglycemia and negligible hypoglycemia in mice and minipigs with type 1 diabetes. Focused on crafting a glucose-responsive insulin complex, this work is directly pertinent to the topic of managing and potentially curing type 1 diabetes.

The Role of Organ Donation

A compelling story about a man from Myrtle Beach, in desperate need of a kidney and pancreas donation to survive, underscores the challenges individuals with type 1 diabetes face. This account provides vital insights into the process and obstacles tied to organ donation for individuals grappling with type 1 diabetes, thus highlighting another facet of managing this autoimmune disease.

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