The Solo city government in Central Java, Indonesia, has expressed its confidence in achieving zero new stunting cases by 2024. Purwanti, the head of the Solo City Department of Women's Empowerment, Child Protection, Population Control, and Family Planning (DP3AP2KB), has detailed the city's strategy in tackling stunting, aligning it with President Jokowi's national goal of reducing stunting by 14 percent by 2024.
Stunting Rates and Strategies
Solo's stunting rate, recorded at 4.3 percent or approximately 900 cases, is significantly lower than the national average of 21.6 percent. The city's strategies have been carefully crafted, with leadership aspects ensuring that policies and budgeting at all administrative levels prioritize stunting reduction.
Behavioral changes, specifically in parenting practices, have been promoted as part of the '1,000 days of life' campaign. This campaign emphasizes the importance of the first 1,000 days of a child's life in preventing stunting and promoting healthy growth and development.
Health Check-ups and Supplementation
Specific interventions include ensuring pregnant women receive at least six health check-ups, including two doctor visits and ultrasound scans. The importance of iron supplementation and folic acid consumption during pregnancy is also stressed, as these nutrients are crucial for the brain development of the fetus.
Clean Water, Sanitation, and Nutrition
Sensitive interventions also focus on providing clean drinking water, sanitation, nutrition, and health services. These measures are aimed at creating a healthy and safe environment for women and children, thereby reducing the risk of stunting.
Solo's Mayor Gibran Rakabuming Raka has committed to eliminating the 788 stunting cases reported in 2022. In addition, he has pledged to address potential stunting in mothers and children as part of the city's comprehensive efforts to eradicate stunting.