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China's Crackdown on Illegal Surrogacy Operations and Counterfeit Paternity Tests in Wuhan

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Aqsa Younas Rana
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China's Crackdown on Illegal Surrogacy Operations and Counterfeit Paternity Tests in Wuhan

In an unprecedented move, Chinese authorities have launched an investigation into alleged illegal surrogacy operations and the use of counterfeit paternity tests in Wuhan, a major city in Central China. This probe was triggered by reports implicating medical institutions and agencies in these illicit activities.

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The Genesis of the Investigation

Wuhan Puren Hospital and Wuhan Ruiboxiang Judicial Appraisal Institute find themselves at the heart of the controversy, accused of involvement in surrogacy and issuing false paternity results. The Wuhan Municipal Health Commission has suspended both institutions from conducting certain services, with the hospital barred from releasing birth certificates and the institute from providing judicial appraisal services.

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The allegations originated from an online influencer named Shangguanzhengyi, who claimed that the institute could provide counterfeit paternity test results. This would allow non-biological children to be registered under the names of individuals who are not their actual parents, facilitated by the hospital's issuance of reconfigured birth certificates. The service reportedly costs around 180,000 yuan ($25,187) in cash.

Underground Surrogacy Market in China

Surrogacy, the practice of a woman carrying a pregnancy for another person or couple, is prohibited in China under the country's strict population control policies. Despite this, demand for surrogacy has persisted, leading to the creation of an underground market. This investigation is a pivotal step in uncovering and dismantling networks that facilitate these services.

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Implications and Future Directions

This crackdown is a reflection of China's ongoing efforts to enforce its family planning regulations and combat fraudulent practices within the medical and healthcare sectors. The investigation results will determine the accountability of the hospital and institute in accordance with laws and regulations.

The health commission has also sent teams to various regions like Xiangyang in Hubei, Foshan in Guangdong, and Nanning in Guangxi to verify claims of sales of birth certificates and related medical documents. This is a clear indication that the probe into Wuhan's alleged surrogacy operations is only the beginning of a broader nationwide inspection.

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