The 28th annual United Nations Climate Change Conference, hosted in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, is a crucial opportunity to align development goals with climate objectives and translate them into climate-resilient, carbon-neutral economies. The conference, which runs from November 30 to December 12, has unfortunately seen slow progress in climate negotiations.
The Urgency of Action
President of the conference, Sultan Al Jaber, emphasized the urgent need for swift action as the 'window of opportunity' to address climate change effectively is quickly closing. He urged participating countries to prioritize collective interests over their own and work collaboratively to reach an agreement before the conference concludes next Tuesday.
The Role of Oceans and Young Voices
Another alarming issue highlighted during the conference was the change in ocean colour due to global warming. Despite absorbing 30% of the CO2 we produce and 90% of the excess heat, the ocean's role is often marginalized in climate negotiations. The colour change could be due to an increase in floating particles or a simultaneous zooplankton surge due to global warming. The conference also saw young voices, like a Chilean youth, raising their concerns, urging world leaders to act decisively on climate change.
Fossil Fuels and Living Costs
The conference's final week has seen discussions on fossil fuel abandonement at the heart of the debate. Phasing out all fossil fuels in line with a 1.5oC trajectory is crucial. The conference also explored the relation between climate change and the cost of living. The impact of fossil fuels on the cost of living crisis, including price increases and profit margin reductions, was discussed. The importance of climate action in addressing this crisis was emphasized.
Adapting to Climate Change
The conference addressed the importance of preparation and prevention in the face of the effects of climate change. The importance of adaptation and public policies in preventing problems caused by climate change was highlighted. The need to address climate risks at a macroeconomic level and the importance of accelerating decarbonization were also stressed upon. The importance of carbon pricing and the elimination of fossil fuel subsidies were also highlighted.