In Nigeria, the issue of climate change is often overlooked or misconstrued as a vehicle for corruption, ignoring its significant impact on the country's environment and economy. The stark reality is that Nigeria is increasingly subjected to extreme weather conditions, including heavy rainfall in the south resulting in floodings and inconsistent rainfall in the north leading to droughts.
From 2011 to 2020, over 1,187 deaths were attributed to flooding, and in 2022 alone, floods resulted in 662 deaths, thousands of injuries, the destruction of 200,000 homes, and the displacement of over 2.5 million people.
Climate Change and Agriculture
These repeated natural disasters have severely affected agriculture, a sector crucial to Nigeria's economy and food security. A large number of households, particularly in the north, depend on farming. However, the nation's Global Hunger Index score in 2023 was a concerning 28.3, indicating a serious hunger crisis.
This crisis is exacerbated by the reduced food production resulting from these environmental disasters. Moreover, persistent droughts have driven herdsmen migration, inciting conflicts and further destabilizing the food supply.