A new artificial intelligence (AI) application is set to become an invaluable tool for farmers, offering them resources to optimize their agricultural practices. This technology, increasingly being integrated into various scientific and ecological fields, has the potential to significantly change the agricultural landscape. AI can assist with weather prediction, water resource management, crop monitoring, and early detection of plant diseases, allowing farmers to make more informed and efficient decisions. The implementation of this technology could contribute to the sustainability and productivity of agriculture globally, which is essential in an environment of growing food demand and environmental challenges.
AI: A Solution to Agricultural Challenges
The agricultural and livestock sector in Spain faces challenges such as climate change, inflation, and rural abandonment. Technology, including AI, presents itself as a solution. The implementation of AI, robotics, and biotechnology is being used to improve food security and efficiency in agricultural production. However, connectivity and access to technology remain challenges for many farms. Initiatives like the new PAC and the Agri-food PERTE aim to support the digital transformation of the sector. The strategic importance of agriculture and livestock is recognized nationally. The need for ethical innovation to address crucial issues such as GMOs and the implications of AI is highlighted. The entry of young people into the sector is necessary to maintain its position.
Innovative Projects in Agricultural AI
A team of researchers from the Italian Institute of Technology and the Leibniz Institute of New Materials has developed luminescent artificial seeds to monitor the climate and promote cultivation in drought conditions. These seeds are designed to study environmental factors such as temperature and humidity. The inspiration from plants and insects has been key to developing these low environmental impact robotic technologies. The importance of mimicking nature's strategies for sustainable innovation is underscored. The Bag-Intel project, funded by the European Commission, seeks to create an AI-based system to increase security and customs control at airports.
AI Applications in Real-world Agriculture
The ASOEX INIA La Cruz and Corfo Citrus Committee has developed a free-access application called MIPCitrus to support orchard management in citrus. The application offers information on recognition biology, damage, and management of the main pests in citrus, as well as an application volume calculator. It is noted that the application is focused on Integrated Pest Management and includes information on various pests in citrus. In addition, relevant figures and news from the citrus sector are mentioned. The University of Granada is participating in the Bag-Intel project to develop an AI-based system that increases security and customs control at airports. The project aims to create a baggage control and tracking system using AI techniques for image, object, and material analysis. The project involves a multidisciplinary consortium of 24 partners from nine European countries and has funding of four million euros over three years. The goal is to develop a sustainable business model and implementation plan for the pan-European adoption of the project's results.